Human Rights Course for the Evening Department of the Faculty of Law

Riga, 1999

Presented by
University of Latvia
Faculty of Law
Institute on Human Rights


Prepared by the assistant of the Department of the International and Maritime Law O.Galanders


The course provides for the students knowledge in human rights in a level necessary at the end of 90's. The course includes methods of protection and implementation of human rights, theoretical and practical issues.

The issues examined during the course are: development of modern human rights, the place of human rights in the totalitarian and democratic society, relation between international and national aspects of human rights, the place of human rights in the national legal system, the main international human rights instruments, a catalogue human rights, the most important institutions for the protection of human rights, national and international mechanisms for the implementation of human rights, human rights situation in Latvia - achievements, problems, tasks and perspectives.

The course consists of ten lectures and six seminars. This course is designated for the students of last years who already have knowledge in a traditional legal subjects and skills of individual work. This is obligatory course and students receive two credit points after passing of the oral exam at the end of the course.

Content of the Course

1. Short history of human rights, methodology and theory of human rights

2. Protection and implementation of human rights

3. The main national and international human rights instruments:

1) Charter of the United Nations and Universal Declaration of Human Rights;

2) International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, margins for interpretation and restrictions;

3) International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, margins for interpretation and restrictions;

4) European Convention on Human Rights;

5) European Social Charter;

6) Viena Declaration and Programme of Action;

7) Constitution of the Republic of Latvia

8) Problems in creation of unified catalogue of human rights

4. Specific human rights and fundamental freedoms - conditions, restrictions, achievements and problems (right to life and prohibition of death penalty, right to personal freedom and security, right to fair trial, right to property, rights of the children and women, equality of the men and women, right to education, freedom of association etc.)