Declaration on the Accession to International Instruments Relating to Human Rights

that freedom and equality is a birthright of every human being;

commitment of world nations declared in UN statutes on implementing the basic human rights, on respecting the value of personality, equal rights and rights on self-determination of big and small nations;

necessity of promotion of social fairness and development;

being aware
of necessity of creation of stability, welfare, peaceful and friendly relations in the society, ascribing the human rights and freedom on all individuals regardless their race, sex, language, religion, national or social origin;

the important role of UN in rendering support for liberation movements in the territories under protection and dependence;

on conviction that all nations have the rights or freely determination of their political status and creation of their economic, social and cultural life;

that any kind of hostilities or repressive measures against dependent nations shall be terminated in order to give them an opportunity on developing their rights on complete independence in the condition of peace and freedom with the respect of integrity (indivisibility) of national territories of nations;

principles announced in the Republic of Latvia Declaration Act of November18, 1918 that "... all citizens regardless of their nationality are appealed to participate because rights of all nations shall be considered in Latvia. It will be democratic and fair State without oppression and injustice...";

taking care
of correspondence of Republic of Latvia legislative acts to principles of international law on human rights issues,

the Supreme Council of the Republic of Latvia declares:


Recognizing special importance of international instruments in securing of human rights adopted in United Nations and in its specialized organizations and in Helsinki, Madrid and Vienna meetings of the European Security and Cooperation Conference, the Republic of Latvia joins the following instruments of international rights:

1. Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 10 December 1948;

2. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 16 December 1966;

3. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 16 December 1966;

4. Declaration on Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, 14 December 1960;

5. International Convention of the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination, 21 December 1965;

6. International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid, 30 November 1973;

7. International Convention against Apartheid in Sports, 10 December 1985;

8. Convention against Discrimination in Education, 14 December 1960;

9. Equal Remuneration Convention, 29 June 1951;

10. Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women, 18 December 1979;

11. Declaration on the Elimination of all Forms of Intolerance and Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief,
25 November 1981

12. Declaration On the Fundamental Principles concerning the Contribution of the Mass Media to Strengthening Peace and International Understanding, to the Promotion of Human Rights and to Countering Racism, Apartheid and Incitement to War, 28 November 1978;

13. Convention On the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, 9 December 1948;

14. Convention On the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity, 26 November 1968;

15. Principles of International Cooperation in the Detection, Arrest, Extradiction and Punishment of Persons Guilty of War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity, 3 December 1973;

16. Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery, 7 September 1956;

17. Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 25 June 1957;

18. Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others, 2 December 1949;

19. Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (in the wording of 13 May, 1977), 30 August 1955;

20. Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 10 December 1984;

21. Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials, 17 December 1979;

22. Principles of Medical Ethics Relevant to the Role of Health Personnel, Particularly Physicians, in the Protection of Prisoners and Detainees against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 18 December 1982;

23. Safeguards Guaranteeing Protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty, 25 May 1984;

24. United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice ("The Beijing rules"), 29 November 1985;

25. Declaration Of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims or Crime and Abuse of Power, 29 November 1985;

26. Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary, 29 November 1985;

27. Convention On the Nationality of Married Women, 29 January 1957;

28. Convention On the Reduction or Statelessness, 30 August 1961;

29. Declaration Of the Human Rights of Individuals Who are not Nationals of the Country in which They Live, 13 December 1985;

30. Convention on the International Right of Correction, 16 December 1952;

31. Freedom or Association Convention and Protection of the Right to Organize Convention, 9 July 1948;

32. Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1 July 1949;

33. Workers' Representatives Convention, 23 June 1971;

34. Labour Relations (Public Service) Convention, 27 June 1978;

35. Employment Policy Convention, 9 July 1964;

36. Convention On the Political Rights of Women, 20 December 1952;

37. Declaration On the Rights of the Child, 20 November 1959;

38. Declaration On the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict, 14 December 1974;

39. Declaration On the Promotion of Respect among Youth of the Ideals of Peace, Mutual Respect and Understanding between Peoples, 7 December 1965;

40. Declaration On Social and Legal Principles relating to the Protection and Welfare of Children, with Special Reference to Foster Placement and Adoption Nationally and Internationally, 3 December 1986;

41. Declaration On the Rights of Mentally Retarded Persons, 20 December 1971;

42. Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition, 16 November 1974;

43. Declaration On the Rights of Disabled Persons, 9 December 1975;

44. Resolution on Sequels of Scientific Technical Progress Regarding Human Rights, 4 December 1986;

45. Declaration Of the Right of Peoples to Peace, 12 November 1984;

46. Declaration Of the Right to Development, 4 December 1986;

47. Resolution on Indivisibility and Mutual Commitment of Economic, Social Cultural, Civil and Political Rights, 4 December 1986;

48. Declaration Of the Principles of International Cultural Cooperation, 4 November 1966;

49. Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, Helsinki Meeting Final Act, 1975;

50. Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, Madrid Meeting Concluding Document, 1983;

51. Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, Vienna Meeting Concluding Document, 1989.


Recognizing a contribution of the European Council and the European Parliament in securing the human rights, the Supreme Council of the Republic of Latvia shall conduct itself in the legislative activities according to instruments in human rights issues adopted by those organizations.

Chairman, Supreme Council of the Republic of Latvia

Secretary, Supreme Council of the Republic of Latvia

Translation (C) by the Latvia Law Institute. All rights reserved. Other translation of Latvian laws available. E-mail: